Pictorial Developmental History of the Lunar Lander

EARLY CONCEPTS

Wernher Von Braun’s first lunar lander design This behemoth held 25 astronauts and weighed in at an extrordinary 8,739,000 lbs.The vehicle was 160 ft tall, 108 ft in diameter.

Wernher Von Braun’s first lunar lander design This behemoth held 25 astronauts and weighed in at an extraordinary 8,739,000 lbs.The vehicle was 160 ft tall, 108 ft in diameter.

1959 Lander Concept

1959 Lander Concept

Another Early LEM Concept

Another Early LEM Concept

DIRECT OR RENDEZVOUS

Early concepts usually used the direct ascent approach. Landing vehicle and return capsule would land directly on moon then takeoff and return home. This approach required a large vehicle but could be done with a two man crew. The competing concept was a rendezvous in lunar orbit of the lander with the command-return module. In the end the Rendezvous approach won.

Read more on this HERE

comparison of direct and rendezvous lander sizes

comparison of direct and rendezvous lander sizes

Gemini Direct Concept Lander

Gemini Direct Concept Lander

You can read more about Gemini Direct here

Another early direct  concept

Another early direct concept

RENDEZVOUS AND THE BIRTH OF A LANDER

Early Concept 1962

Early Concept 1962

Another 1962 concept LEM

Another 1962 concept LEM

Convair Concept LEM

Republic Concept LEM

Republic LEM Concept

Republic LEM Concept

Early Gruman model

Early Grumman model

Another early model (starting to look familiar)

Another early model (starting to look familiar)

Artist Concept of winning design

Artist Concept of Grumman winning design

the Grumman built LEM on the Moon

the Grumman built LEM on the Moon

THE LAST LANDER TO FLY

 

Great documentary on the Lunar Lander

COMPARISON OF RUSSIAN DESIGN AND US

Russian Lunar Lander Mock-up LK

Soviet Lunar Lander Mock-up LK

The Soviet Lunar lander was supposed to land two cosmonauts on the moon. It was flown in earth orbit but never made it to the moon because of the failure of the N1 rocket.( Great Documentary on the Soviet N1 Rocket – Part 1 Part 2Part 3Part 4 – Part 5)

Size comaprison of US and USSR landers

Size comaprison of US and USSR landers

Read more post on Rocketry History

lem-62

 

 

Coming Soon: Future Landers!

One Response to Pictorial Developmental History of the Lunar Lander

  1. Pingback: The Pictorial Developmental History of the Lunar Lander and more…. « The Rocketry Blog

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