G.I.R.D. (Gruppa Izucheniya Reaktivhogo Dvizheniya) translated “Group for the Investigation of Reactive Motion”
GIRD was the world’s first large professional rocketry program. It was started on September 15th 1931 as a bureau in the Soviet Union. Fridrikh Tsander gave up his job and devoted himself to the group’s formation. The goal was to create a efficient working rocket engine. The group adopted the slogan “Onward to Mars, onward to Mars!” – A slogan that would be useful today. The group consisted of 4 brigades each headed by brilliant Soviet researchers. The group included:
Fridrikh Tsander – 1st brigade (rocket engine research)
Mikhail Tikhonravov -2nd brigade (rocket engine research)
Yuri Pobedonostsev – 3rd brigade (ramjet research)
Sergey Korolev – 4th brigade (rocket plane research)
Tsander inspired the group until his untimely death of Typhus in 1933.